Hudson Considering Moratorium on AirBnbs

Hudson is weighing whether to enact a moratorium on all new short-term rentals and may permanently limit the number of these rentals an individual can operate.

The two measures were discussed by the city’s Legal Committee this week, and the Committee’s chair, Alderman John Rosenthal, is in discussions with the City Attorney about writing them into a still-developing resolution that includes other regulations for short-term rentals (STR).

Hudson, a city of 6,200 located 30 miles south of Albany, has seen its tourism boom accelerate in recent years. Three hotels have opened in the city since late 2015, and STRs have cropped up with similar rapidity.

There are about 170 STRs, traditional bed-and-breakfasts and hotels registered with the city, according to Hudson City Assessor Justin Maxwell. STRs make up the vast majority of these, and conservatively make up ten percent of Hudson’s residential tax parcels.

The proposal seeks to regulate STRs and limit their number, in part because of the effect they have on the fabric of neighborhoods, and in part to try to deal with Hudson’s affordable housing crisis.

Rents in Hudson have gone up at least 300 percent since 2000.

The proposal seeks to make a distinction between property owners who list their personal living spaces on STR sites – “owner-occupied STRs” –  and those who operate STRs where they don’t reside.

The proposal would limit property owners to listing two STRs – one owner-occupied and one non-owner-occupied. There would be no grandfather clause, so property owners with more than one non-owner occupied STR would have to give up listing these additional units.

The proposal is to be written into a resolution already including language that would require annual licensing of STRs with a fee of $500/year; would require non-owner occupied STRs to have property managers who could be at the unit within 15 minutes; and other regulations, such as requiring hosts to post maps of fire escape routes.

The resolution is still in draft form, and the proposal is still being modified.

Alderman Rosenthal said the proposal was seeking to avoid “throwing the baby out with the bathwater.”

“We support owner-occupied Airbnbs as a source of income for people living at their property, but we’re trying to discourage rampant speculation in STRs in the city because of the role that it has in creating disruption in the community with transiency and tourism issues and also acknowledging that tourism is one of the economic drivers here,” he said.

Most property owners in the city on STR sites have only one listing, though there is a significant number who list multiple properties. Of the first 20 listed “Superhosts” on Airbnb in the city – a designation for highly reviewed hosts – four have multiple properties listed.

Alderman John Rosenthal Courtesy Hudson City Dems

In part, the proposal is meant to address the shortage of affordable housing, Rosenthal said, under the assumption freeing up more properties would take pressure off the squeezed rental market.

However, Rosenthal said rental prices would not immediately plummet if the law is enacted because of the complex nature of the market and the amount of time it would take for results to be seen.

Hudson Mayor Rick Rector didn’t say whether he supported a moratorium or the proposals, citing their current fluidity, but said he generally supported owner-occupied STRs.

Non-owner occupied STRs were problematic for the city, Rosenthal said.

“The idea that you can speculate here and come into this community and buy multiple properties and run them as Airbnbs and kind of skirt by the regulations and not really have a stake here as a resident or a voter here in the city – we have to acknowledge this as a problem,” he said.

Some STR hosts with multiple listings are “getting away with basically having an unregulated hotel business,” Rosenthal said, and don’t have to abide by the regulations of the traditional hotels and bed-and-breakfasts in the city.

Some current STR operators might find limiting the rentals beneficial, as a glut of STRs could drag down the value of their listings, he added.

Christina Snyder, who manages six Airbnb listings, said she could see no evidence of a glut – the six units were booked solid on weekends for the next six months, and one of the units was reserved for the Summer of 2021.

The six units are all in one building and are owned by Mark Salomon, who also owns The Falls, a higher-end apartment complex and venue in Greenport, Snyder said.

STRs, whether owner-occupied or not, stimulate the local economy, Snyder said – Snyder’s Airbnbs have binders full of menus, events and coupons from other local businesses – as well as allowing budget visitors to stay in the city, as STRs are cheaper than the new luxury hotels.

The average Airbnb in the greater Hudson region – an area including many listings for full houses – is $147/night on weekdays, according to the site. Hotel rooms in the city range from a low of $99/night at the St. Charles Hotel to $450/night for a suite at Rivertown Lodge, according to the hotels’ websites.

The proposal to limit the number of listings per host was “ridiculous,” Snyder said, adding that doing so would “draw people out of Hudson.”

Snyder, who was born and raised in the city, said she believed the business she managed was making the city a better place.

“It just seems everything [people] bring to the county to make it a success – there’s always that one person who tries to see what’s not working and fight against it, and that’s the biggest challenge in Columbia County – no matter what someone wants to bring here, there’s always a fight against it.”

Columbia County Chamber of Commerce President Jeffrey Hunt said he was for the “common sense regulations” in the proposals, such as the fire safety measures, but was opposed to limiting the number of STRs.

“We are a tourist destination town and trying to limit the number of beds that we have available for people to rent – to me, that will only hurt the many venues that we have here and the retail establishments that we have here,” he said.

The property manager-availability requirements was onerous, Hunt said.

Jeffery Hunt Courtesy Columbia Co. Chamber of Commerce

“Fifteen minutes for someone to respond to an incident? – I don’t know how you can enforce it, and I don’t know how realistic that really is,” he said.

The $500 annual licensing fee was also burdensome, Hunt said, since the city already taxed STRs at four percent because of its Lodging Tax.

Hunt also questioned whether freeing up STRs to try to take stress of the rental market would be effective.

“I don’t necessarily think that is the outcome that is going to occur,” he said.

The proposals’ second goal – to preserve the nature of neighborhoods being inundated with new STRs – is less tangible.

Rosenthal said he feared Hudson turning into a tourist trap, a simulacrum of a place that fills with visitors on weekends, then deflates into a ghost town during the week.

First Ward Alderman Kamal Johnson – the city’s Democratic nominee for mayor – said he has heard complaints from his constituents about STRs.

“Some people coming in, they’re here for the weekend, so they don’t care about any complaints or noise or trash  — they basically see it as a hotel room – it’s kind of the culture to not take the best care of your hotel room,” he said.

However, Johnson had heard “pretty mixed” reactions to STRs from his constituents

“We have the people who feel like they’re running out of neighbors, and we have people who feel [listing their property] is necessary because of the high property taxes,” he said.

Johnson said he supported capping the number of STRs.

There is much to hash out in the proposals, Rosenthal said, including whether to count two listings within a single building owned by one person as one or two STRs.

Many buildings have multiple listings. Though more than 140 buildings include STRs, the number of individual STRs offered is much higher – 260 within the city, according to numbers from AirDNA, a STR analysis service.

How to define an STR would majorly affect who could list their property. For instance, Snyder’s six STRs are all within one building, so they could either be considered one STR or six. If it was considered to have six STRs, Snyder would have to stop listing all but one, since their owner doesn’t live in the building.

Mayor Rector said there was concern when entire buildings were rented out as STRs.

“It does take some fabric out of the neighborhood,” he said.

“I’m less willing to tell a property owner what they can and cannot do with their property,” he added. ”That’s a fine line that any city faces.”

One of the biggest questions Rector has about any proposals to regulate STRs is whether they are enforceable.

The city’s small Code Enforcement Office would be tasked with carrying out much of the new proposals, and how these proposals would actually play out was something to keep in mind, he said.

Correction: The article has been updated with a more accurate estimate of residential tax parcels with STRs. The number is about 145, not about 170.

Afterword: Exactly How Many STRs are in Hudson?

Two numbers are cited in this article about how many STRs are in Hudson. [ppp_patron_only level=”9″ silent=”no”]

The first is how many parcels in Hudson have STRs in them; the second is how many STR units there are in the city.

The former number is how many parcels have registered with the city as STRs as part of the city’s Lodging Tax, which requires all STRs to register and pay a four percent tax to the city on their proceeds.

The latter number is just how many STR there are, courtesy of AirDNA (a note: AirDNA only goes by zip code, so when you type “Hudson” into their site, you get all the listings for Hudson, Greenport, and parts of a few other towns – however, if you’re thorough like me, you go to their map and individually count all the STRs within the Hudson City limits). When I first saw this discrepancy, I thought there was massive non-compliance with the lodging tax, that essentially a third of the STRs had not registered with the city.

However, the city only counts STRs by tax parcel. Tax parcels are the unit by which property taxes are applied, and generally refer to a single structure.

Many STR hosts will own a tax parcel consisting of several different apartments, and list each apartment on STR sites, leading to there being more STR units than tax parcels with STRs.

Mark Salomon’s property (the one Christina Snyder manages) is one of these parcels – I’ve also heard of a single building/tax parcel containing 10 different STRs, one containing four or five, and one individual who owns six buildings in the city and Airbnbs them all (though I reached out to this individual, they were not up for an interview).

HOWEVER, let’s do some math. If there are (conservatively) 145 parcels with STRs, and 260 STR units, this means each parcel contains 1.79 STRs.

Is this the case? Or are more than half of STRs not registering with the city?

I personally think it’s mostly parcels with multiple STRs, though it would be a little utopian to think every single STR in the city is registered.

Just had an interesting conversation about the STRs in Hudson…expect another article on this subject soon.

Keep reading, and always question everything…



4 thoughts on “Hudson Considering Moratorium on AirBnbs

  1. There have been a lot of articles on Hudson recently that highlights what an awful place it is to try and live in. Taxes, board members acting out violently, moratoriums on business, etc. Seems as if a select few are trying to get everyone to pack it up and go somewhere more friendly so they can have the place to themselves.

    • Hm…perhaps I need to write something more positive about Hudson…I SWEAR it’s actually a pretty nice place to live. Never boring, that’s for sure.

      • It’s amazing how the “affordable housing” movement, and Rosenthal’s (and other local politicians’) rhetoric pandering to that initiative, attack short term rental owners based on virtually no statistics. The Treasury Dept licensing application only collects data on number of rooms rented; not on whether a room is being rented in an apt occupied by an owner, or an apartment rented out as an entire unit. So let’s see the actual data before jumping to any conclusions – you certainly can’t rely on constantly fluctuating listings on transient rental platforms for the facts. And the citations to complaints regarding STRs seem to be purely anecdotal. Where are the stats? How many actual complaints, regarding specifically what per complaint, to the HPD? To any other local authorities? We have no idea.

        Further, Rosenthal presumes that those renting out more than one short term rental unit in a single building, or in multiple buildings, are “speculators.” It has apparently never crossed his mind, as he’s a renter, that these STRs may very well be rented out by property owners who have lived in Hudson far longer than he has, and are simply trying to earn enough money to pay their insane property taxes so they don’t lose their property or have to sell (which sale would manifestly NOT create more affordable housing). Besides, the City ALREADY legalized the existing rentals by collecting Lodging Tax and providing licenses for same. People furnished, invested, and made business plans based on those assurances, and have bookings going into the future…and now he wants to put them out of business by characterizing those business people as “speculators,” when they’ve complied with all local regulations.

        Instead of pandering to a crowd seeking apartments at twenty year old rents (which if they’re habitable, won’t happen in the private market in Hudson, due in large part to the ever-increasing costs of property taxes and maintenance, let alone mortgage, insurance, etc.), he and the Common Council should be working for the benefit of all by reducing property taxes. For example, by shutting down the Hudson Police Department, which is about half the City’s budget, and opting for shared services on a County level. The same could be done for assessment services. Just sayin.’

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